Learning about knee arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that most often affects middle-age to elderly people. 🤕👴🏾Osteoarthritis not only involves the wearing of the cartilage, but the joints health as a whole including the surrounding ligaments tendons, etc. 😰It is characterized by this degeneration of a joint. 😭In osteoarthritis, the cartilage between the bones in the joint breaks down. 👵🏾This causes the affected bones to slowly grow in size. 📚It often affects joints in the hand and spine, and weight-bearing joints e.g the hips and knees. ❎

Symptoms include: Joint pain and stiffness, swelling at the joint, cracking or grinding noise with joint movement and decreased function of the joint.🚷

The following listed conditions increase risk of osteoarthritis: Older age, family history of OA, obesity, previous traumatic joint injury or repetitive use (overuse) of joints and joint deformity such as unequal leg length, bowlegs or ‘knock-knees’.🤕🔥
Interestingly, most people over the age of 60 have degenerative changes consistent with osteoarthritis on X-ray. However, studies show perhaps 85% of them don’t show symptoms. 😱Therefore, clinical history of the patient and physical examination are essential at arriving to an accurate diagnosis. ✅

Currently, there is no proven treatment yet that can reverse joint damage from osteoarthritis. 🤔🤔The aim of treatment is to reduce pain and improve function of the affected joints! This can be done by surgery, exercise , weight loss (overweight ), supplements and drug therapy.👌🏾✅EXERCISE is in fact the most effective non drug treatment for reducing pain and improving mobility🔑

#Repost @kinectmd

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