Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that most often affects middle-age to elderly people. ???Osteoarthritis not only involves the wearing of the cartilage, but the joints health as a whole including the surrounding ligaments tendons, etc. ?It is characterized by this degeneration of a joint. ?In osteoarthritis, the cartilage between the bones in the joint breaks down. ??This causes the affected bones to slowly grow in size. ?It often affects joints in the hand and spine, and weight-bearing joints e.g the hips and knees. ❎
Symptoms include: Joint pain and stiffness, swelling at the joint, cracking or grinding noise with joint movement and decreased function of the joint.?
The following listed conditions increase risk of osteoarthritis: Older age, family history of OA, obesity, previous traumatic joint injury or repetitive use (overuse) of joints and joint deformity such as unequal leg length, bowlegs or ‘knock-knees’.??
Interestingly, most people over the age of 60 have degenerative changes consistent with osteoarthritis on X-ray. However, studies show perhaps 85% of them don’t show symptoms. ?Therefore, clinical history of the patient and physical examination are essential at arriving to an accurate diagnosis. ✅
Currently, there is no proven treatment yet that can reverse joint damage from osteoarthritis. ??The aim of treatment is to reduce pain and improve function of the affected joints! This can be done by surgery, exercise , weight loss (overweight ), supplements and drug therapy.??✅EXERCISE is in fact the most effective non drug treatment for reducing pain and improving mobility?